Safety And Prevention
Air Bag Safety
An air bag can save your life. However, air bags and young children are a dangerous combination. The following information will help keep you and your children safe: The safest place for all infants and children younger than 13 years to ride
is in the back seat.
Anesthesia and Your Child
Any time a child requires a hospital visit, it can cause anxiety—for both parent and child. This especially may be the case when the visit involves any type of procedure that might require anesthesia. Examples of such procedures are surgery, some types of x-rays, and certain tests to examine the stomach or intestines. The purpose of anesthesia is to enable your child's surgery, medical test, or treatment to occur without pain, memory, or movement.
Antibiotics and Your Child
It is important to understand that different types of infections can only be treated if the right medicine is used. For instance, antibiotics are only useful to treat bacterial infections and
will not provide any benefit for viral infections. Also, many viral infections are mild and will get better without using medicines. Using unnecessary medicines doesn't help and may actually cause harm.
ASDs Family Handout—Emergency Information Form For Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs)
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ASDs Family Handout—Medications and Your Child
Family handout from
ASDs Family Handout—The Medical Home for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs)
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ASDs Family Handout—Wandering Off (Elopement)
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Baby Walkers: What You Need to Know
Baby walkers send thousands of children to hospitals every year. Read about why they are not safe and what you can do.
Biking (Care of the Young Athlete)
Biking is a fun way for children of all ages to get active and stay fit. Most children learn to ride a tricycle at around 3 years of age. Between 4 and 7 years of age most children learn to ride a bike. However, remember that each child is different and will learn to ride a bike at his or her own pace. Biking can be an athlete's primary sport, as well as a way for athletes to cross-train and avoid overuse injuries. Injured athletes often use biking to stay in shape during rehabilitation before returning to their sport.
Once a month, right after your period, you should examine your breasts. Although breast cancer is rare in young women, it usually can be cured if found early, and a breast self-exam is the best way to find it. Stand in front of your mirror with your arms at your sides and see if there are any changes in the size or shape of your breasts. Look for any puckers or dimples, and press each nipple to see if any fluid comes out. Raise your arm above your head and look for changes in your breasts from this position.
Car Safety Seat Checkup
Using a car safety seat correctly makes a big difference. Even the right seat for your child's size may not properly protect your child in a crash unless it is used correctly. So take a minute to check to be sure. Never place a rear-facing car safety seat in the front seat of a vehicle that has a front passenger air bag. If the air bag inflates, it will hit the back of the car safety seat, right where your baby's head rests, and could cause serious injury or death.
Car Safety Seats: A Guide for Families 2013 Product Information (Part 2 of 2)
$180 Travel System: $300
Car Safety Seats: A Guide for Families 2013 Safety Information (Part 1 of 2)
One of the most important jobs you have as a parent is keeping your child safe when riding in a vehicle. Each year thousands of young children are killed or injured in car crashes. Proper use of car safety seats helps keep children safe. But with so many different car safety seats on the market, it's no wonder many parents find this overwhelming. The type of seat your child needs depends on several things, including your child's age, size, and the type of vehicle you have. Read on for more information from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) about choosing the most appropriate car safety seat for your child.
Child Sexual Abuse
Sexual abuse of children is more common than most people think. About 1 out of 5 girls
and 1 out of 10 boys will be sexually abused during their childhood. Parents can
take steps to help prevent and recognize sexual abuse in children. Sexual abuse is when a person (adult or child) takes advantage
of a child in a sexual way. In most cases, the abuser is someone the child knows. An abuser may use force, bribes, threats, or tricks to trap a child and to keep a child from telling
Childproofing Your Home
Take a moment to check each room in your home using the checklist in this publication.
Dangers of Secondhand Smoke
Even if you don't smoke, breathing in someone else's smoke can be deadly too. Secondhand smoke causes about 3,000 deaths from lung cancer and tens of thousands of deaths from heart disease to nonsmoking adults in the United States each year. Millions of children are breathing in secondhand smoke in their own homes. Secondhand smoke can be especially harmful to your children's health because their lungs still are developing. If you smoke around your children or they are exposed to secondhand smoke in other places, they may be in more danger than you realize. Children whose parents smoke only outside are still exposed to the chemicals in secondhand smoke. The best way to eliminate this exposure is to quit.
Decorative Contact Lenses: What Teens and Parents Need to Know
You may want to look like your favorite movie star or singer or have the perfect look for Halloween, but changing the look of your eyes with decorative contact lenses could cause a lot of damage to your eyesight. Read more from the American Academy of Pediatrics about how to protect your eyes from harm.
Fun in the Sun: Keep Your Family Safe
Warm, sunny days are wonderful. It's great to exercise outside. The sun feels good on your skin. But what feels good can harm you and your family. Read on about why the following sun safety tips are important for your family. The sun gives energy to all living things on earth. But it can also harm us. Its ultraviolet (UV) rays can damage skin and eyes and
cause skin cancer. All skin cancers are harmful and some, especially malignant melanoma,
can be deadly.
Guide to Children's Dental Health, A
The road to a bright smile begins long before the first tooth appears. Parents play a big part in helping their children develop healthy teeth. Early monitoring by a pediatrician and dentist is important. (See "What is a pediatric dentist?") Steps to good dental health include
Guide to Your Child's Medicines, A
Giving medicine in the right way can help your child feel better and get well. The following is information from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) about medicine and how to give it to your child safely in order to prevent mistakes. When the doctor recommends medicine for your child, make sure you know the facts! Ask the following questions:
How to Prevent Overuse Injuries (Care of the Young Athlete)
Over the past 20 years more children are partici pating in organized and recreational athletics. With so many young athletes playing sports,
it's no wonder injuries are common. Half of all sports medicine injuries in children and teens are from overuse. The following is information from the American Academy of Pediatrics about overuse injuries and injury prevention tips. An overuse injury is damage to a bone, muscle, ligament, or tendon due to repetitive stress without allowing time for the body to heal. Shin splints are an example of an overuse injury.
How to Prevent Tooth Decay in Your Baby
Baby teeth are important. If baby teeth are lost too early, the teeth that are left may move and not leave any room for the adult teeth to come in. Also, if tooth decay is not prevented it can be costly to treat, cause pain, and lead to life-threatening infections. Tooth decay (early childhood caries) is the most common chronic infectious disease of childhood. Tooth decay may also be called
Imaging and Medical Radiation Safety: Important Information for Parents
Pediatricians use different tests and tools to help them diagnose and treat injuries and illnesses. This handout was written by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) to answer questions about imaging and medical radiation safety. Q: What is imaging?
Keep Your Family Safe: Fire Safety and Burn Prevention at Home
and burns cause almost 4,000 deaths and about 20,000 hospitalizations every
year. Winter is an especially dangerous time, as space heaters, fireplaces, and
candles get more use in the home. It is no surprise that fires in the home are more common between December and
February. However, you might be surprised at how easy it is to reduce the risk
of fire in your home. Follow these suggestions to help keep your home and
family safe from fire all year round. Half of home fire deaths are due to fires that happen while
people are sleeping. One of the most important steps you can take to protect
your family against fire is to install smoke alarms and keep them in good
working order. You can buy smoke alarms at most home and hardware stores, and
they often cost $10 or less. Check with your fire department to see if they
give out and install free smoke alarms.
Parent's Guide to Teen Parties, A
As a parent, you know the importance of your teen's social life and that parties are a way to socialize and relax. But an unsupervised or poorly planned party can result in unwanted or even tragic consequences. However, parental responsibility is the key to a fun and safe party. The following is important information from the American Academy of Pediatrics about teen parties.
Parent's Guide to Pets, A
Pets are found in millions of American homes. If you don't already own a pet, at some point your child may ask for one. If you already own a pet, your child may want another one. So how do you decide? The following is a guide from the American Academy of Pediatrics on how to choose a pet. There also is important information about how you can help prevent the spread of disease from animals, both at home and in public settings.
Raw Milk: What You Need to Know
Raw milk is milk that comes straight from a cow, sheep, or goat. Raw milk is not pasteurized (heated to kill germs) or homogenized (processed to keep the cream from separating from the milk). Raw milk is not safe to drink, because it can carry harmful bacteria and other germs. Harmful bacteria include
Risks of Tobacco Use, The
Many people think that the only people harmed by tobacco use are smokers who have smoked for a long time. The fact is that tobacco use can be harmful to If you smoke cigarettes, cigars, or pipes, or use smokeless tobacco like chew and snuff, quit! It's the best thing you can do for yourself and for everyone around you.
Substance Abuse Prevention
The use of tobacco, alcohol, and other drugs is one of the biggest temptations facing young people today. As a parent, you are your child's best protection against drug use. You can start by telling your children that you expect them not to use drugs and become informed yourself about drug use. This publication was written by the American Academy of Pediatrics to help you identify the warning signs of drug use and provides tips on how to help your child (especially during the preteen and teen years) say no to drugs. Both casual drug use and addiction impact health, but it is important for parents to know the difference. The same pattern of use and abuse exists for alcohol as with other drugs, such as marijuana or cocaine. The following is how experts explain the stages of alcohol or drug use:
Substance Abuse Prevention
As a parent you can do a lot to prevent your child from using drugs. Use the following tips to help guide your child's thoughts and behaviors about drugs:
Talking With Your Teen About Sex
Children are exposed to sexual messages every day—on TV, on the Internet, in movies, in magazines, and in music. Sex in the media is so common that you might think that teens today already know all they need to about sex. They may even claim to know it all, so sex is something you just don't talk about. Unfortunately, only a small amount of what is seen in the media shows responsible sexual behavior or gives correct information. Your teen needs a reliable, honest source to turn to for answers—the best source is you. You may feel uneasy talking with your teen about sex, but your guidance is important. Beyond the basic facts about sex, your teen needs to hear from you about your family values and beliefs. This needs to be an ongoing discussion and not just one "big talk." This publication was written by the American Academy of Pediatrics to help you talk with your teen about this important and sensitive subject.
Talking With Your Young Child About Sex
Children begin learning about sex and sexuality as soon as they are able to view, listen, and sense the world around them. As
your children grow and develop, they may giggle with friends about "private parts," share "dirty" jokes, and look up taboo words in the dictionary. Their curiosity is natural, and children of all ages have questions. As a parent, you may not feel comfortable talking about sex, or you may not know how to respond to questions about sex. This publication was written by the American Academy of Pediatrics to offer you guidance on how to talk with your children about sex.
Most people think that cancer is a disease that only old people get. Cancer of the testicles — the male reproductive glands — is different. It is one of the most common types of cancer in men 15 to 34 years old. Most testicular cancers are found by young men themselves. By doing a regular exam of your testicles, you greatly increase your chance of finding testicular cancer early if it does occur. It takes only 3 minutes a month to do a simple check for lumps on your testicles.
Use of Medicines in Sports (Care of the Young Athlete)
The primary use of medicines in sports is to treat pain and inflammation. Athletes may also take medicines to treat specific medical conditions, such as asthma or diabetes, or to treat common illnesses, like colds, congestion, cough, allergies, diarrhea, and skin infections. Athletes should talk with their doctor before using any medicines to learn how to use them correctly, how much to take, if there are any side effects, and how they might affect their sports. The use of supplements, including iron and vitamins, as well as any supplement used to enhance sports performance, should also be discussed with a doctor.
When is an Athlete Ready to Return to Play? (Care of the Young Athlete)
One of the first questions an athlete will ask following injury or illness is, "When can I play again?" The answer is rarely quick or simple.
Return-to-play decisions can be controversial and a source of conflict between health care providers and others. Return-to-play decisions that are too strict,
too lenient, or too arbitrary can lead to unhealthy and unsatisfactory outcomes. For some medical conditions and some sports, there are specific policies in place that help guide return-to-play decisions. However, most return-to-play decisions involve unique circumstances that cannot be fully addressed by generic statements.
Learning to walk takes practice. Each child will learn to coordinate and balance at different rates. You can expect some wobbling and falling down at first, but before you know it, your child will be running circles around you. The American Academy of Pediatrics has written this publication to help prepare you for your baby's first steps.